Arta

The historic Bridge of Arta

The peripheral unit of Arta is located north of the Ambracian Gulf. The main mountain ranges are the Athamanika in the northeast, the Pindus in the east, and Valtou in the southeast. Only one mountain road links Arta with the Pineios valley and Thessaly. There are low-lying agricultural plains in the west. Arta borders on the peripheral units of Preveza in the west, Ioannina to the north, Trikala in the east, Karditsa to the east and Aetolia-Acarnania to the south.
The main rivers are the Acheloos in the east, the Arachthos in the centre, and the Louros in the west. Most of the population lives in the west, in the Arachthos valley, south and east of Arta. The Athamanika and Valtou mountains are the least populated.

    
Coordinates: 39°9′N 20°59′E   (1) Arta (2) Georgios Karaiskakis  (3) Central Tzoumerka  (4) Nikolaos Skoufas

The first settlement in the area of the modern city was established in the 9th century B.C. Ambracia was founded by the Corinthians at the 7th century B.C.
Pyrrhus of Epirus, ArtaIn 295 BC Pyrrhus of Epirus, king of the Molossians, transferred the capital of his kingdom to Ambracia, which he used as a base from which he attacked the Romans. Pyrrhus managed to achieve great but costly victories against the Romans and he became famous for the phrase “Pyrrhic victory” which refers to an exchange at the Battle of Asculum. In 146 BC Ambracia became part of the Roman empire and the province of Epirus was renamed Epirus Vetus, to distinguish it from Epirus Nova to the east. The town is not mentioned under the name of Arta until 1082. (read more about the history of Arta (ancient Ambracia) and the area of the gulf…)

Museums

The collection is housed in the 13th-century Paregoretissa church.The Archaeological Museum of Arta was established in 1973 as the Archaeological collection of Arta, and has been housed in the Trapeza (dining room) of the 13th-century Paregoretissa church. It was established as a full museum in 2009.

The bulk of the collection are excavations from the ancient city of Ambracia, the “Koudounotrypa” cave, and several other sites in Arta Prefecture. Of note are numerous funerary stelae and burial offerings from cemeteries of ancient Ambracia.
The exhibition includes three main sections: the public life, the cemeteries, and the private life of Ambraciotes, whilst at the start and end of the exhibition there are individual smaller sections covering the birth and fall of Ambracia, respectively.
The bulk of the collection from the city of Arta come from excavations of the two cemeteries housed outside the walls of the ancient city of Ambracia (east and southwest), from public buildings such as the small and large Greek Theatre, the Temple of Apollo and the Prytaneion, houses and other building residues, as well as ceramic and other laboratories, discovered by archaeological research.

The museum’s exhibition spans a wide time period, from the Paleolithic up to the Roman period. The majority of exhibits belongs to the Hellenistic era, an era that coincides with the highest economical and civil growth in the heyday of Ambracia, at which time the city was the capital of Epirus.
Paregoritissa, Τ.Κ. 47100, Arta (Prefecture of Arta)
Phone: +30 2681028692    Email: protocol@ibepka.culture.gr

The Folklore Museum of Skoufas aims to present the local popular tradition on an intellectual and economic-technical dimension.
The building that accomodates the museum is a two-floored neoclassical building next to the Bridge. It carries its own story and tradition, thanks to its position close to the legendary bridge. Built in 1864 by an Austrian architect, it was used as a bridge outpost and later as a frontier station of the Turks, when after the 1881 treaty, the borders of Greece and Turkey were in the middle of the bridge of Arta.

Karalis Folklore Museum: The first effort for the creation of the Folklore Museum began in the beginning of the 70s from Pantelis Chr. Karalis and the result is the operation of a permanent exhibition at Kipseli (Chosepsi) of Arta.
For more than thirty years it collects and records a way of life of a region in which it was given birth and lives: the simple, worked, daily tools, the clothes, the sung songs, the entirety of life and art of Tzoumerka, their wooden culture.

The Information Centre of Salaora offers a comprehensive introduction to geomorphology, the plants, the animals and the main monuments of Amvrakikos. It also presents the silver pelican, one of the biggest and most rare birds in Europe. How big are its wings? How it behaves in its family? Did you know that the sack of its neck has a capacity of 13 litres of water?

Nature & Fauna

DolphinsBottlenose dolphins: An abundant community of bottlenose dolphins lives in the Amvrakikos Gulf. Intensive photo-identification work showed that these dolphins have high levels of site fidelity within the Gulf. Individual movements in and out of the Gulf are limited, probably owing to dramatic differences between the shallow, highly productive, turbid waters of the Gulf and the deeper, oligotrophic, limpid Ionian Sea open waters. Population size is about 150 individuals.

The Gulf is reportedly facing problems including alteration of water balance, chemical pollution, eutrophication and illegal fishing, resulting in significant ecosystem changes. However, dolphins appear to be thriving, likely due to the abundance of suitable prey – sardines in particular.

Activities in Arta

raftingRafting – Kayaking: The best reputation, regarding rivers sports with Kayak and Rafting, has Arachthos. The aquatic route that starts at the bridge of Plakas and exits at Kardamos, region of Skoupa, is roughly 13 km. The river is wide at the beginning and continues this way until the end of the route. Fifty metres under the bridge of Plaka, we can find the middle rock which is also the point of calculation of the water level (when it is covered, high level). Two hundred metres down the way we can find a right turn with a high rock. During the first 3-4 km the attributes that create the rocks are intense but afterwards they become thin continuing however to create tall waves and turns. Every two hundred to three hundred metres, a pier or a turn, keeps you in constant vigilance. During the last 3 km you are being prepared for your exit from the river since this part does not have technical difficulties.
Bridge of Plaka: It is the biggest single-arced bridge of the Balkans (1868) and for many years during Otoman domination it marked the borders between Greece and Turkey.
Watermill – Pulversiser (Polizos) at Frasta.

Trekking in GreeceHiking – trekking: Melissourgoi (via Rodavgi) have a distance of 72 km from Arta. The alpine route starting at Melissourgoi and ending at Theodoriana lasts roughly 5 hours. The road or the path starts before the entrance in Melissourgoi, goes through the upper part of the village, reaches the Plain Megas and through firs and coombs is directed to the spring “Agathi”. It continues through firs and running waters for enough kilometres and it comes out at the place called “Kokkino” (red colors) while the landscape changes gradually, preparing you  to go up the Alpine area at the place “Afti”. 
You adapt your step to the footprints of the (vague) path that goes up to Diaselo (where remnants of the stone outposts of ELAS exist) and then goes down some craggy sides and leads to the place “Houni”, where one can find two sheep pens and water (Tap of Kati).

You descend smoothly through meadows, sheep pens, abandoned fields and then through fir forests you go up heading for the Aspri Goura. At this point, abundant water springs up from abrupt sides, shapes torrent in firs and leads to the natural waterfall Souda. The well made path is manoeuvring initially at the banks of a swallow coomb with willows and firs and immediately afterwards enters in fields full of walnuts and apple trees. Reaching an iconostasis, you can view the wild peaks of Tzoumerka and all the mountains of Southern Pindos, while in front of you, appear the first houses of the breathtaking green village, Theodoriana. (read more about the paths of Tzoumerka…)

BikingBicycling: This route, starting at the breathtaking, beautiful Vourgareli and ending at Mesounta. A route by bicycle, from Vourgareli (760 m height) up to Mesounta of a total distance of 21 km and 21 more for the return. Starting from Arta 60 more km are required in order to reach Vourgareli.  One day is the minimum recommended time of the route.
Nodal points: Vourgareli, Athamanio, Mesounta
Sightseeing: In order to visit the sightseeings of the region you will in enough occasions be forced to leave the main road (primary route) and move for some distance, even by feet, having as only advisor the maps and the relative information. (read more about this route…)
The route from the historical Peta up to Mesopirgos, holds challenges and secret beauties that you have to discover and share with it. Road route, with a starting point at Peta and ending at Mesopirgos (400m. altitude) and Acheloos, a total distance of 60 km. (starting from Arta 7 more km are required in order to reach Peta). One day is the minimum recommended time of the route. (read more…)

hang gliding in GreeceHanggliding – Parapente: At a small distance from the town of Arta, at the region of Grimbovo we can find 3 organised “Para Pente” circuits. Also the visitor of the Prefecture can practice “Para Pente” at the region of Tzoymerka in some not organised circuits.

Agro-tourism: In the Prefecture of Arta an effort is made so that the hospitality of the visitors is done in an environment simple, with local character, offering all the essential comforts but without luxurious elations.
The visitor comes close to the rural lifestyle, the cultures, the rural work, nature, the flora and the fauna, becomes familiar with the ethics and the customs of the region which revive in an authentic way.

Thermal baths in ArtaThermal baths: The region of Hanopoulos was always a place of Thermal Baths and a place of visiting by many individuals from the region for their treatment. The modernisation and renovation of the place with emphasis to tradition, the hospitality and the domestic cooking that was realised by the new administration of the Baths, as well as the uniqueness of the Thermal Baths, make the baths of Hanopoulo a beloved destination for many visitors from all over Greece. According to the Ministry of Industry, Geochemical Researches Department, based on the chemical analysis, it appears that the Hanopoulos spring is a Hydro-Sulphur-chloride-sodium spring. This category of metal springs is unique in Greece and similar ones are found abroad and more specifically in Nenndorf, Germany and Haute Savoie, France.
Therapeutic evidence of articulations and bones, nervous system, kinetic system, circulatory system, gynaecological problems, peptic system, urinary system, liver and bile.
Thermal Baths of Hanopoulos, Hanopoulo Arta, 47100 Arta,
Phone: +30 2681085197

External links

• Prefecture of Arta
Archaeological Museum of Arta (only in Greek)
• The Archaeological Museum of Arta at the Hellenic Ministry
of culture and tourism website

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