Coordinates: 39°55′N 25°15′E (1) Lesvos (2) Ag. Afstratios (3) Lemnos
Lemnos (Limnos) is an island in the northern part of the Aegean Sea. The principal town of the island and seat of the municipality is Myrina. At 477 km², it is the 8th largest island of Greece.
Lemnos is mostly flat (hence its more than 30 sand beaches), but the west, and especially the northwest part, is rough and mountainous (highest elevation: Mount Vigla, 470 m). The chief towns are Myrina, on the western coast, and Moudros on the eastern shore of a large bay in the middle of the island. Myrina (also called Kastro, meaning “castle”) possesses a good harbour, which is in the process of being upgraded through construction of a west-facing sea wall. It is the seat of all trade carried on with the mainland. The hillsides afford pasture for sheep, and Lemnos has a strong husbandry tradition, being famous for its feta and melipasto cheeses, and for its youghurt. The main crops are wheat, barley, sesame; in fact Lemnos was Constantinople’s granary during Byzantine times. Muscat grapes are grown widely, and are used to produce an unusual table wine that is dry yet has a strong Muscat flavor. Since 1985 the variety and quality of Lemnos wines have increased greatly. The island has an excellent airport, possessing a very long runway, capable of supporting Antonov carriers.
The ruins of the oldest human settlement in the Aegean Islands found so far have been unearthed in archaeological excavations on Lemnos by a team of Greek, Italian and American archaeologists at the Ouriakos site on the Louri coast of Fyssini in Moudros municipality. The excavation began in early June 2009 and the finds brought to light, consisting mainly of high quality stone tools, are from the Epipaleolithic Period, indicating a settlement of hunters and gatherers and fishermen of the 12th millennium BC.
A rectangular building with a double row of stepped seats on the long sides, at the southwest side of the hill of Poliochni, dates back to the Early Bronze Age and was possibly used as a kind of Bouleuterion.
Read more about the ancient myths and history of Lemnos at Wikipedia’s website
Lemnos is an island of a special kind of beauty – a first sight it might not seem so spectacular compared to other more colorful islands but it will win you after you get to know it. Lemnos has superb beaches, numerous archaeological sites and a wonderful, unspoiled landscape. The traditional atmosphere of the island makes it even more appealing. Flamingos are living in the lakes on the northern part. Myrina village is the capital and main port of Lemnos. It has a population of about 4500 inhabitants and stretches around a bay. An imposing Venetian castle overlooks the town which is surrounded by massive formations of volcanic rock.