The prefecture of Kilkis is located in central Macedonia, between the prefectures of Thessaloniki, Serres and Pella and borders on the north with the Republic of Macedonia. The city of Kilkis is the capital of the prefecture and is located 49 kilometers from Thessaloniki.
Coordinates: 40°59′N 22°52′E (1) Kilkis (2) Paionia
The mountains near Kilkis are Paiko (highest peek 1,650 m/5,413 ft) to the west, parts of the western part of Kerkini (at 1,874 m/6,148 ft the highest peek in Kilkis prefecture) to the northeast and Krousia (highest peek 1,179 m/3,868 ft) to the east.
This city is built around the hill of Agios Georgios on the top of which you can find the post-Byzantine church of Agios Georgios. The most important places to visit in the region are first of all the cave of Kilkis, the monument of the 3-day battle, the picturesque villages, the Doirani lake with its rich natural environment and several museums.
Places of interest in Kilkis:
The historical quaint town of Goumenissa is built at the foothills of Paiko Mountain. Its narrow streets, the old traditional houses and the abundant flowing waters give a picturesque character to the area. Goumenissa is renowned for its wine and “tsipouro” (locally produced distillate) and it has many wine factories. A visit to the monastery of Panagia “Goumenissa” is a must. Its church was built in the 11th century and it also has a folk museum. This monastery is a dependence of the Iviron Monastery of Mount Athos with a miracle-working icon of the Virgin.
The archaeological museum of Kilkis town: It exhibits rare findings dating back to prehistoric, Hellenistic, Roman and Byzantine times.
The hill of Agios Georgios: Here you will find an amphitheatre, a municipal refreshment room, sports and walking grounds as well as cave and the church of Agios Georgios.
The Byzantine castle of Paleo Gynaikokastro: This castle was built during the 13th century by the Emperor Andronikos Paleologos. Gynaikokastro means “women’s castle” and was named like this because of its fortification which was so secure, that it could be defended even by women. You will find the castle Gynekokastro a distance of 15 km from the city of Kilkis. In the same location, in 1984, were discovered a part of a settlement and a graveyard of the Early Iron Age.
Also many important archaeological sites and ancient monuments are scattered in the prefecture. In the ancient town of Evropos, a significant finding is the Kouros statue dating back to 6th century B.C.
Polykastro is a town with an important commercial district, hotels and entertainment facilities. In this area is located a graveyard of the English soldiers who died in the operations of the World War I. Near Polykastro is the small airport of Nea Kavala, which attracts many lovers of air sports.
The town of Axioupoli takes its name of the nearby Axios River. Worth visiting are the enchanting location “Megalo Rema”, the dam and the lake of Metallio, as well as the Natural History Museum, with interesting samples of flora and fauna, and. Also, collections of edaphologic interest.
At the borders of the prefecture with the Republic of Macedonia lies the beautiful Doirani Lake. Its waters are ideal for swimming in the summer and for fishing all year round. The idyllic landscape of the lake offers the visitor a sense of peace and relaxation.
You should also visit the beautiful villages Kastaneri, Skra and Mouries, where you can enjoy the wonderful natural settings with rich vegetation and flowing waters forming small waterfalls.
In the south part of the prefecture is the Pikrolimni Lake, well known since the ancient times for the therapeutical properties of its water, also featuring an organized centre of mud therapy.
In the mountains Belles and Kroussias, the lush vegetation and the nice walking paths crossing dense forested areas overwhelm the visitors with their beauty. In the Kroussias Mountain can be found a unique in the Balkans Botanic Garden.
The prefecture of Kilkis with its unspoiled nature, the verdant forests, the lakes, the rivers, the idyllic landscapes and the interesting archaeological monuments, the quaint villages and the Byzantine monuments, is bound to impress every visitor.