Above: Ruins of Avandas castle outside the city of Alexandroupolis
Alexandroupoli is a city in Greece and the capital of the Evros regional unit in Thrace. It is an important port and commercial center of northeastern Greece.
Coordinates: 41°10′N 26°05′E (1) Alexandroupoli (2) Didymoteicho (3) Orestiada (4) Samothrace (5) Soufli
Alexandroupoli is about 14.5 km west of the delta of the river Evros, 40 km from the border with Turkey, 346 km from Thessaloniki on the newly constructed Egnatia highway. Around the city one finds small fishing villages like Makri and Dikella to the west. The current metropolitan population is estimated at around 70,000 inhabitants, and its area covers the southern portion of the prefecture running from Rhodope Prefecture to the Evros Delta.
The settlement’s history only goes back to the 19th century. Long used as a landing ground for fishermen from the coast of Samothrace opposite, a hamlet developed in the area during the construction of a railway line connecting Istanbul to the major cities of Macedonia from Kuleliburgaz. The work was part of an effort to modernise the Ottoman Empire, and was assigned to engineers from Austria-Hungary. The settlement soon grew into a fishing village known as Dedeagatch.
Traianoupoli is since the 2011 local government reform part of the municipality Alexandroupoli. The seat of the municipal unit of Traianoupoli is the town of Antheia. The city was first founded by the Romans and was named after Trajan.
In the Roman period, the city was famous for its baths. In the 4th century, it became the capital of the province of Rhodope. The city was later ruled by the Byzantines and the Ottomans, during that period the Roman baths were renovated by the Ottoman Gazi Evrenos and became known as Hana. The area came under Bulgarian rule after the Balkan Wars and was ceded to Greece in the Treaty of Neuilly (1919).
Alexandroupoli is served by Dimokritos International Airport (IATA:AXD) in the suburbs of Apalos, about 6 km from Alexandroupoli city center. It is one of the busiest airports in Greece and a main hub for Olympic Airways and Aegean; there are 6 daily flights to Athens, and also flights to Crete, while during the summer months some seasonal flights operate to\from Germany and Russia.
The airport is connected to the city by highway, taxi services and scheduled bus services. The port of Alexandroupolis has been used principally by travellers.
There are daily services to the Island of Samothraki and a weekly Trans-Aegean service to all the eastern islands of the Aegean, with the final destination of the island of Rhodes.
Trains run frequently to Thessaloniki and Athens, Burgas in Bulgaria and Edirne or Istanbul in Turkey. The bus network is much more extensive and frequent. Hourly buses to the major municipalities within Macedonia and Thrace offered from the Regional Coaches KTEL as well as daily services to Bulgaria and Turkey. OSE, Varan and Ulusoy have daily services to Istanbul and Athens each and depart from Alexandroupolis Train Station in early mornings.
Evros: Info Guide
including information about the sights of Evros, the Mountain Route-Ardas, museums and thermal spas, etc.